Relasi Islam dan Negara di Indonesia Perspektif Fiqh Siyasah dalam Pemikiran Politik Nurcholish Madjid

  • Siti Yumnah STAI PANCAWAHANA (STAIPANA) BANGIL

Abstract

Abstract : The relationship between Islam and the State becomes an actual and dynamic discourse in every phase of the development of civilization both in the Western and Eastern world. The debate revolves around the question of the form of the state, whether it is integral, symbiotic or secular. The relationship between Islam and the state is still being discussed through the media and discussions of Muslim intellectuals, one of them is Nurcholish Madjid, one of the Islamic political thinkers in Indonesia and many intellectuals who bring up ideas with nationalist insights. One of them is his thoughts on the relationship between Islam and the State in Indonesia. This thought, although quite controversial when first raised but has a major influence on national and Islamic discourse in Indonesia. Fiqh Siyasah`s view of Nurcholish Madjid`s thoughts is included in the study of siyasah dusturiyah. Although in Islam it never determines the particular form and pattern of a country that must be practiced by Muslims, but establishing a State is an obligation of Muslims. The state is a tool for Muslims to be able to implement the teachings of Islam, so that the goal of syara` creates benefit and rejects harm can be achieved in society. Key Word : Islam and Country, Fiqh Siyasah, Nurcholish Madjid Abstrak : Hubungan Islam dan Negara menjadi wacana aktual dan dinamis dalam setiap fase perkembangan peradaban baik di dunia Barat maupun dunia Timur. Perdebatan tersebut berkisar pada masalah bentuk negara, apakah bersifat integral, simbiotik ataukah sekuler. Hubungan Islam dan negara masih terus diperbincangkan melalui media dan diskusi para intelektual Muslim, salah satunya Nurcholish Madjid, merupakan salah seorang pemikir politik Islam di Indonesia dan cendekiawan yang banyak melontarkan gagasan-gagasan yang berwawasan kebangsaan. Salah satunya adalah pemikirannya tentang hubungan Islam dan Negara di Indonesia. Pemikirannya ini, meskipun cukup kontroversial ketika pertama kali dilontarkan namun mempunyai pengaruh besar terhadap wacana kebangsaan dan keislaman di Indonesia. Pandangan Fiqh Siyasah tentang pemikiran Nurcholish Madjid termasuk ke dalam kajian siyasah dusturiyah. Meskipun dalam Islam tidak pernah menentukan bentuk dan pola tertentu suatu negara yang harus dipraktikan oleh umat Islam, namun mendirikan Negara merupakan kewajiban umat Islam. Negara merupkan alat bagi umat Islam untuk dapat melaksanakan ajaran-ajaran Islam, sehingga tujuan syara??? menciptakan kemaslahatan dan menolak kemudaratan dapat tercapai dalam masyarakat. Kata Kunci : Islam dan Negara, Fiqih Siyasah, Nurcholish Madjid

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Author Biography

Siti Yumnah, STAI PANCAWAHANA (STAIPANA) BANGIL
https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?view_op=list_works&hl=id&user=1SGMyCwAAAAJ
Published
2019-11-26
How to Cite
Yumnah, S. (2019). Relasi Islam dan Negara di Indonesia Perspektif Fiqh Siyasah dalam Pemikiran Politik Nurcholish Madjid. Proceedings of Annual Conference for Muslim Scholars, 3(1). Retrieved from http://proceedings.kopertais4.or.id/index.php/ancoms/article/view/306