STAI Ma'had Aly al-Hikam Malang
Abstract. Politics is something that is urgent in Islamic studies both in Islamic countries (Middle East) and in Muslim countries like Indonesia. The emergence of the concept of Islamic politics became a special concern for political experts including Mohammed Ayoob. The aim of the study is to analyze the thoughts of Ayoob who offer the concept of modern Islamic politics and be multidimensional in nature. This study is a literature study with the main source is a book by Mohammed Ayoob entitled "The Many Faces of Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Muslim World". The analysis of the data uses content analysis. The results of this study are: (1) The concept of modern Islamic politics as a complex, continuous and change political ideology; (2) the multidimensionality of Islamic politics includes: self-proclaimed Islamic countries (Saudi Arabia and Iran), sources of Islamist ideology and activism (Egypt and Pakistan), democratic Muslim majority countries (Turkey and Indonesia), national Islamist resistance movements (Hamas and Hezbollah) and trans-national Islamic organizations (Jamaat Tablighi, Hizb ut-Tahrir, and al-Qaeda). This multidimensionality of Islamic politics proves that political Islam does not have the same shape and structure throughout the Muslim world. Not all Muslims throughout the world are jihadists, and they cannot be reduced to a single type.
Key words: Mohammed Ayoob, multidimentionality, modern Islamic Politics
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