Politisasi Masjid Perspektif Hukum Pidana Islam

  • Moh. Makmun Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum Jombang

Abstract

This paper aimed at investigating the criminal aspects of Islamic criminal law about politicization of mosque and their legal sanctions. This paper furthermore can contribute to policy maker for preventing the spread of this phenomenon and give an understanding of the legal sanctions from the politicization of mosque in perspective islamic criminal law. The research concludes that politicization of the mosque is in the category of jar??mah ta`z??r. The criminal aspect in the politicization of mosque perspective of Islamic criminal law are: 1). Violating religious orders about obligation to obey the leader. 2). violating the Prophet Muhammad`s prohibition. 3). violates the basic principles of Islam which calls for the spread of peace on earth, prohibition to doing damage on earth, and because it causes many disobedience and obedience, such as division and speech of hatred. The legal sanctions for the actor of politicization of mosque are at the discretion of the judge The legal sanctions for the actor of politicization of mosque are at the discretion of the judge with taking into account the size of the madharat or losses incurred based on maqashid shariah and flexibility of jar??mah ta???z??r. Keywords: islamic criminal law, ta???z??r, politicization of mosque. Abstrak Artikel ini bertujuan mengetahui aspek pidana hukum pidana Islam tentang politisasi masjid dan sanksi hukumnya. Artikel ini bermanfaat bagi pengambil kebijakan dalam rangka mengantisipasi meluasnya politisasi masjid, dan memberikan pemahaman tentang sanksi hukum politisasi masjid perspektif hukum pidana Islam. Hasil studi ini menyimpulkan, politisasi masjid termasuk kategori jar??mah ta???z??r. Aspek pidana dalam politisasi masjid perspektif hukum pidana Islam adalah: 1). Melanggar perintah agama terkait kewajiban taat kepada pemimpin. 2). Melanggar larangan nabi Muhammad. Ketiga, menyalahi prinsip dasar Islam yang menyeru kepada penyebaran kedamaian di muka bumi, larangan melakukan kerusakan di muka bumi dan karena banyak menimbulkan kemafsadatan dan kemadharatan, seperti perpecahan umat dan banyaknya ujaran kebencian. Sanksi hukum pelaku politisasi masjid berada dalam kebijaksanaan hakim dengan mempertimbangkan ukuran besar kecilnya madharat atau kerugian yang ditimbulkan berdasarkan ukuran maq??s??id shar????ah dan fleksibilitas dari jar??mah ta???z??r. Kata Kunci: Hukum Pidana Islami, ta???z??r, politisasi masjid.

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Author Biography

Moh. Makmun, Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum Jombang
https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=k9V4JoMAAAAJ
Published
2019-11-26
How to Cite
Makmun, M. (2019). Politisasi Masjid Perspektif Hukum Pidana Islam. Proceedings of Annual Conference for Muslim Scholars, 3(1). Retrieved from http://proceedings.kopertais4.or.id/index.php/ancoms/article/view/299