Tradisi Pesantren Salafiyah dan Modern dalam Konteks Deradikalisasi

(Studi pada Pondok Pesantren Salafiyah Panggung Tulungagung dan Pondok Pesantren Modern Darul Hikmah Tulungagung)

  • M. Kholid Thohiri STAI Diponegoro Tulungagung
Keywords: Tradition of Pesantren, Radicalism, Deradicalization

Abstract

Religious radicalism is associated with pondok pesantren, there are at least two main features of radical pesantren. First, these pesantrens are generally "imported" from the country that became the basis of radical Islam. secondly, his textualistic- scriptistic  style in Thought, on the other, most of the actors of radicalism and terrorism on behalf of; Islam in Indonesia is alumni of madrasah education or pesantren. In the context of this research is researchers try to find strategies and efforts Pondok pesantren in order to prevent radicalization in Pondok Pesantren, in order to prevent radicalization in Pondok Pesantren, especially in pondok pesantren Salafiyyah Panggung and Pondok pesantren Modern Tawangsari Tulungagung. This study aims to reveal the construction of radicalism according to the pesantren community. then reveals the tradition and role of pesantren in the context of deradicalization. This research uses qualitative research methods with data collection methods through interviews, observation and documentation in the two Pondok Pesantren. While data analization using multi case study and validity testing of data use triangulation and extended participation. The result of this research is the view of the pesantren community against Islamic radicalism. First, Islamic radicalism is a notion that has an intolerant characteristic of plurality. Second, the way of understanding the superficial and literalist religion, is the factor causing people to be radical in understanding the teachings of Islam even in action. Thirdly, the radical movement not only threatens ukhuwwah islamiyyah, but also threatening the nation's brotherhood of Indonesia. Fourth, pondok pesantren is  part of Islamic educational institutions that carry moderate Islam in Indonesia. fifth, the idea of radicalism is not in accordance with the teachings of Islam. While the Tradition of Pesantren in the context of deradicalization, firstly, through a curriculum whose contents make students who understand and explore the religion of Islam through the teaching of the book that has a plurality of interpretation and comparison of schools especially in Islamic law. Secondly, the tradition of scholarship in pondok pesantren in the context of preventing radicalization is supported by a learning model that develops a critical and tolerant attitude through the pondok pesantren program. Third, in the pondok pesantren develops multicultural education through a happy stage activity featuring santri creativity in art and culture and ethnic Nuusantara.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

M. Kholid Thohiri, STAI Diponegoro Tulungagung

References

Bogdan, Robert C. & S.J. Taylor, Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods, New York: John Wiley, 1975.

________Robert C. dan Biklen, Qualitative Research for Education; An Introduction to Theory and Methods, Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc, 1982.

________Robert C., Participant Observation in Organizational Setting (Syracuse New York: Syracuse University Press, 1972), 3. 19 Lofland, Analyzing Social Setting: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis, Belmont, Cal: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1984.

Darmaji, Ahmad, “Pondok Pesantren dan Deradikalisasi Islam di Indonesia”, Jurnal Millah YbJ. XI, No 1, Agustus 2011.

Dhofier, Zamakhsyari, Tradisi Pesantren (Studi Pandangan Hidup Kyai dan Visinya mengenai Masa Depan Indonesia), Jakarta : LP3ES, 2011.

Hilmy, Masdar, ”The Politics of Retaliation: the Backlash of Radical Islamists to Deradicalization Project in Indonesia”, Al-Jami‘ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2013 M/1434.

Hikam, Muhammad AS, Deradikalisasi Peran Masyarakat Sipil Indonesia Membendung Radiakalisme, Jakarta : Kompas Media Nusantara, 2016.

Mas’ud, Abd., dalam Pengantar Buku Peranan Pesantren dalam Mengembangkan budaya Damai, Jakarta : Puslit Diklat Kemenag RI, 2010.

Mukhibat, “Deradikalisasi dan integrasi nilainilai Pluralitas dalam kurikulum Pesantren salafi haraki di Indonesia”, Jurnal Al-Tahrir, Vol. 14, No. 1 Mei 2014.

Muammar, Arfan, Islam Puritan di Pesantren, Surabaya : Dunia Grafindo, 2016.

Masduqi, Irwan, deradikalisasi Pendidikan Berbasis Khazanah Pesantren, Jurnal Pendidikan Islam : Volume II, Nomor 1, Juni 2013/1434.

Ma’arif, Syamsul: “Ideologi Pesantren Salaf: Deradikalisasi Agama”, Jurnal Ibda’ Kebudayaan Islam Vol. 12, No. 2, Juli - Desember 2014.

Maknun, Lukluil, Tradisi Ikhtilaf Dan Budaya Damai Di Pesantren Studi Kasus PP. Nurul Ummah Dan Ar-Romli Yogyakarta, Jurnal Fikrah, Vol. 2, No. 1, Juni 2014.

Miles, Matthew B. & AS. Michael Huberman, Analisis Data Kualitatif, terj. Tjetjep Rohendi Rohidi (Jakarta: UI Press, 1992), 16.

Markowitz, Norman, “Radical and Radicalisme” dalam (Dictionary of American History, 2003). http://www.encyclopedia.com.

Nasution, Harun, Islam Rasional, Bandung: Mizan, 1995.

Ramadhan, Mu’amar dengan judul “ Deradikalisasi Agama Melalui pendidikan Multikultural dan Inklusivisme,( Studi Pada Pesantren Al-Hikmah Benda Sirampong Brebes)” Jurnal SMaRT volume 01 nomer 02 Desember 2015.

Rokhmad, Abu, “Pandangan Kyai tentang Deradikalisasi Paham Islam Radikal Islam di Kota Semarang” dalam Jurnal Analisa volume 21 Nomer 01 Juni 2014.

Suprapto, Rohmat,”Deradikalisasi Agama Melalui Pendiidkan Multikultural-Inklusiv (Studi pada Pesaantren Imam Syuhodo Sukoharjo)” dalam jurnal Profetika, Vol. 15, No. 2, Desember 2014.

Sadily , Hasan, (Pemred) Ensiklopedi Indonesia. Ikhtiar Baru –Van Hoeve. 1984.

Shidqi, Ahmad, Deradikalisasi Berbasis Pesantren, Opini di harian Republika, Selasa, 15 November 2011.

Ramadhan, Muammar, Peranan Pengasuh Pondok Pesantren Dalam Mengembangkan Budaya Damai Di Jawa Tengah Dalam Peranan Pesantren Dalam Mengembangkan Budaya Damai, Nuhrison M. Nuh, Jakarta : Pusdiklat Kemenag RI, 2010.

Published
2018-04-22
How to Cite
Thohiri, M. (2018). Tradisi Pesantren Salafiyah dan Modern dalam Konteks Deradikalisasi. Proceedings of Annual Conference for Muslim Scholars, (Series 2), 629-642. Retrieved from http://proceedings.kopertais4.or.id/index.php/ancoms/article/view/165